## REGENESIS: Recompiling Modern Mathematics via Indian Laws and Logic

Adapted from LinkedIn page of Jonathan J. Crabtree (Mathematics Historian: The Lost Logic of Elementary Mathematics)

In November I will be presenting a series of free presentations in Kolkata to relaunch Indian mathematics. You see, what young mathematics students get taught today is fundamentally flawed! Only by recompiling modern mathematics via Indian Laws and Logic will we ever truly understand mathematics. Alas, the elementary school mathematics pedagogies taught today are derived from 16th Century English mathematics, which in turn was based on a bad translation of ancient Greek mathematics. Just two digits are required to power all modern computation, 0 and 1. Yet the Greeks did not consider 1 a number and their mathematics had no concept of 0 or negative numbers. Thus, began an evolution of mathematics education that required constant and unnecessary workarounds, corrections and rules.

The sense of Brahmagupta’s laws of mathematics was never seen as the English exported their mathematical non-sense throughout their colonies and settlements of the British Empire. Had Indian laws and logic, rather than Greek mathematics been the starting point as the West transitioned from Roman Numerals to the numbers we use today, who knows, we might have cured cancer and colonised Mars by now! So, read on to discover a little about me and my quest to change mathematics and unlock its pure power and beauty; starting in India, for free, this November!

### THEN

Fifty years ago, in 1968, I noticed the way we think about mathematics was wrong. Today, my area of research involves explaining how the rules and laws of mathematics taught in schools often lead to contradictions and paradoxes. Elementary mathematics SHOULD be intuitive and built upon a series of common sense insights – yet it isn’t.

Thirty-five years ago, in 1983, I set myself the goal of changing the way the western world teaches mathematics. Having studied economics at the University of Melbourne, I knew about the folly of making assumptions. No, we can’t assume either perfect market information, or that rational decisions are always made. People usually do NOT have all the information required to make a decision and people often make an irrational decision.

Unfortunately, mathematics educators have NOT had all the information they require to convey the intuitive beauty inherent in mathematics (that seamlessly connects to the physical world) and neither have they behaved rationally. To teach the same confusing mathematics lessons for centuries and keep expecting different results is NOT rational behaviour.

Notably, I failed mathematics at school and even repeated a year because of that fact. Yet, in 1984, a recruitment firm had me tested by psychologists to see if I would be a suitable employee for a management consulting firm. Yes, I got the job, yet I also got a shock! Upon resigning (to become a mathematics tutor), I was given a copy of my psychological appraisal. I had quit my management consulting career to teach children maths in a way that I thought was better than what I had been exposed to at school. Yes, I know that seems absurd, yet the test results in my hand revealed that I was in the top 1 percent of the population for mechanical reasoning and verbal logic! I had long felt stupid because I had once been really bad at mathematics, yet I did very clever analysis with numbers that the partners of the firm I worked at complimented.

Like many people seeking easy answers, I first turned to Vedic Mathematics. From Wikipedia, we read:

” Vedic Mathematics is a book written by the Indian monk Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha and first published in 1965. It contains a list of mental calculation techniques claimed to be based on the Vedas. The mental calculation system mentioned in the book is also known by the same name or as “Vedic Maths”. Its characterization as “Vedic” mathematics has been criticized by academics, who have also opposed its inclusion in the Indian school curriculum.

Whilst there are some good mathematical shortcuts to be found in Vedic Mathematics for those interested in high-speed mental calculation, I eventually came to the conclusion (20 years later) that Vedic Mathematics is NOT Indian mathematics. (It is exactly what it is, the mathematics of Swami Bharati Krishna Tirtha.) After looking into the Trachtenberg Speed System of Mathematics, I was able to mentally multiply two 10-digit numbers on a blackboard to arrive at the 20-digit answer (with no visible workings) in a little over two minutes. Yet, my first few years attempting to fix mathematics were really a total waste of time. I was focussed on calculations, not concepts.

I had investigated many high-speed calculation books and ‘short-cut’ books, yet they all required more memorisation and meaning was missing. To be honest, it was only when I began investigating the history of mathematics, that I began to realise where mathematical ideas had been both formed and deformed.

### NOW

Last year I made a bold decision. I would present some of my research, not to school teachers as I had previously been doing, but to a European audience comprised mostly of mathematics education professors and university department heads. My presentation, in effect, was an argument that many if not most mathematical foundations taken for granted by the eminent and expert mathematical audience, were in fact, false!

Despite my cheek having dared inform an audience of mathematics education professors that they did NOT understand elementary mathematics, my paper and presentation were gratefully received. Later, in a post-conference email to around 2000 mathematics educators, the organiser of the mathematics education conference* specifically thanked me for my paper and presentation.

### WHOOPS

Mathematics educators have the WRONG idea of multiplication. Mathematics educators have the WRONG idea of division. Mathematics educators have the WRONG idea of exponents. Mathematics educators have WRONG ideas of integer inequalities. Mathematics educators have WRONG ideas of negative numbers and Mathematics educators have WRONG ideas about introducing zero. For all the bad ideas in modern mathematics education, it’s a tribute to the human spirit that so many went so far in science with such a bad introduction to mathematics.

### Why Indian School Teachers MUST attend a free presentation?

The great tragedy is, that despite India’s gift of zero as a number to the world, Indian mathematics education recently ranked second last out of 74 countries. I believe that only by teaching mathematics correctly, via the initial elementary ideas of Brahmagupta that I have spent years refining and extending, will India ever begin to transform into the prosperous powerhouse it deserves to be. Children deserve every chance to succeed in life and the keys of mathematics mastery open more doors than any other.

### END-NOTE

I have only new information and ideas to share. I will not ask attendees to pay me money at any stage. All I ask is for you to open your mind to the new ideas my research has unlocked, so that you may join me in my quest to improve mathematics education in India.

Thank you.

(If you care, please click like and share!)

Jonathan J Crabtree (Elementary Mathematics Historian, Melbourne Australia.)

http://www.jonathancrabtree.com/mathematics

* Dr. Alan Rogerson. D.Phil (Oxon), M.Sc., B.Sc., B.A. (Lon), Dip.Ed., Cert. Ed. (Cantab). Co-ordinator of the Mathematics Education for the Future Project

## Daily Calculus Problem #1

We talked about calculus two post ago in this blog and how it is both beautiful and vital for contemporary science and technology. Now I have decided to publish calculus problems regularly, not necessarily daily based. The reason that each problem is chosen is because it is learning us something.

So let’s begin with #1 problem:

## Michael Atiyah 1929-2019

From: Mathematical Institute of Oxford University

We are very sorry to hear of the death of Michael Atiyah. Michael was a giant of mathematics. He held many positions including Savilian Professor of Geometry here in Oxford, President of the Royal Society, Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, the founding Directorship of the Isaac Newton Institute and Chancellor of the University of Leicester. He was awarded the Fields Medal in 1966 and the Abel Prize in 2004. Continue reading “Michael Atiyah 1929-2019”

## Calculus, oh dear calculus!

Calculus has been always interesting for each of us in mathematics. No matter how advanced your field of research is, no matter how many years you have worked on different parts of mathematics, and even no matter how many times you have taught it to first semester students of science and engineering; again it is interesting and it has many different problems that you have never seen them before. Almost every mathematician has wrote a book or has had this idea to write a book on the subject. It may be the only part of mathematics with this amount of textbooks. Who can be so dare to claim that he could even review all of them in his lifetime? Continue reading “Calculus, oh dear calculus!”

## A blog for my personal notes

As some of you may know, I have another blog in blogspot.com, in which is older than this blog. I have decided to publish “only math” contents here in this blog. All my other daily notes will be published in my blogger blog:

http://www.diranlou.blogspot.com

Thank you all in advance because of you attention.

## Why Are There So Few Women Mathematicians?

#### How a corrosive culture keeps women out of leadership positions on math

JANE C. HU NOV 4, 2016 – Atlantic

As soon as mathematician Chad Topaz ripped the plastic off his copy of the American Mathematical Society’s magazine Notices, he was disappointed. Staring back at him from the cover were the faces of 13 of his fellow mathematicians—all of them men, and the majority of them white.  “Highlighting all this maleness and whiteness—what is the message that is being sent to the membership?” he wondered. Continue reading “Why Are There So Few Women Mathematicians?”

## A Beautifully-Designed Edition of Euclid’s Elements from 1847 Gets Digitized: Explore the New Online, Interactive Reproduction

Article by:   from Open Culture

For two millennia, Euclid’s Elements, the foundational ancient work on geometry by the famed Greek mathematician, was required reading for educated people. (The “classically educated” read them in the original Greek.) The influence of the Elements in philosophy and mathematics cannot be overstated; so inspiring are Euclid’s proofs and axioms that Edna St. Vincent Millay wrote a sonnet in his honor. But over time, Euclid’s principles were streamlined into textbooks, and the Elements was read less and less. Continue reading “A Beautifully-Designed Edition of Euclid’s Elements from 1847 Gets Digitized: Explore the New Online, Interactive Reproduction”

## Déformations de courbes planes, flots géométriques et la conjecture de Poincaré

Le dernier séminaire Aromaths du semestre aura lieu le mercredi 19 décembre à 14h dans la salle 24-34-207 et sera présenté par Zindine Djadli.

Sujets abordés : courbes dans le plan • courbure • analyse réelle

Résumé.

Le but de l’exposé est de présenter un procédé naturel de déformation des courbes planes.  De façon imagée, il s’agit de rendre la courbe moins “courbée” là où elle l’est le plus et de la rendre plus “courbée” là où elle l’est le moins. Grâce à quelques vidéos, on se rendra compte de l’effet obtenu : une courbe convexe se transforme immanquablement en
cercle ! Il est à noter, et ce sera l’un des points abordés dans l’exposé, que ce sont des techniques similaires qui ont permis à Perelman de donner une démonstration de la fameuse conjecture de Poincaré au début des années 2000.

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## Unraveling the Mathematics of Smell

Scientists have created a “map” of odor molecules, which could ultimately be used to predict new scent combinations

The human nose finds it simple to distinguish the aroma of fresh coffee from the stink of rotten eggs, but the underlying biochemistry is complicated. Researchers have now created an olfactory “map”—a geometric model of how molecules combine to produce various scents. This map could inspire a way to predict how people might perceive certain odor combinations and help to drive the development of new fragrances, scientists say. Continue reading “Unraveling the Mathematics of Smell”

## Amateur Mathematician Finds Smallest Universal Cover

Through exacting geometric calculations, Philip Gibbs has found the smallest known cover for any possible shape.

By: Kevin Hartnett  https://www.quantamagazine.org

Philip Gibbs is not a professional mathematician. So when he wanted a problem to chew on, he looked for one where even an amateur could make a difference. What he found was a challenge that could drive even the most exacting minds mad. In a paper completed earlier this year, Gibbs achieved a major advance on a 100-year-old question that hinges on the ability to accurately measure area down to the atomic scale. Continue reading “Amateur Mathematician Finds Smallest Universal Cover”

## Fending Off Math Anxiety

By Perri Klass, M.d.
April 24, 2017

NYTIMES.COM

My mother was what we would now call math anxious, if not phobic. My daughter, on the other hand, was a math major, which always left me feeling like the transitional generation, capable of mastering standardized-test math problems and surviving college calculus (it’s one of the pre-med requirements) but never really connecting to the beauty or power of the subject. Continue reading “Fending Off Math Anxiety”

## Iranian student wins gold medal at world math contest

Fodasun:

The 10th World Mathematics Invitational (WMI) took place at Yonsei University in Incheon, South Korea Zahra Zavieh, a student at Urmia University northwest Iran, the provincial capital of west Azerbaijan, won a gold medal for Iran, in a competition that brought together the world’s best math students.

the tournament was held in South Korea at the end of July and 54 students took part, with Iran placing 2nd in the tournament with 5 gold, 18 silver and 17 bronze medals, as well as 14 diplomas

## No Math in Public

“As mathematicians, we know one of our first rules is no math in public. We want people to think we know how to do it without having to show them we can do it.”
— Partial differential equations professor

## Famed mathematician claims proof of 160-year-old Riemann hypothesis

Here we go to have a real surprise, as they say the smoke arise from the big logs. (it is a Persian proverbs showing the importance of experience of elders rather energy of youths)

One of the most important unsolved problems in mathematics may have been solved, retired mathematician Michael Atiyah is set to claim on Monday. In a talk at the Heidelberg Laureate Forum in Germany, Atiyah will present what he refers to as a “simple proof” of the Riemann hypothesis, a problem which has eluded mathematicians for almost 160 years. Continue reading “Famed mathematician claims proof of 160-year-old Riemann hypothesis”

## The Birth Of Calculus (1986)

Calculus is almost the most known branch of mathematics in which over the university students in each discipline from economy to physics would face with it during their study at university.

here you will watch a documentary  about its roots and the time it was born. It is an excellent scientific video, although it is an old B.B.C production. Generally they are far away pretentious in compare with today’s scientific documentaries, I think. I hope you enjoy the video: Continue reading “The Birth Of Calculus (1986)”

## Titans of Mathematics Clash Over Epic Proof of ABC Conjecture

Titans of Mathematics Clash Over Epic Proof of ABC Conjecture

Erica Klarreich:

In a report posted online todayPeter Scholze of the University of Bonn and Jakob Stix of Goethe University Frankfurt describe what Stix calls a “serious, unfixable gap” within a mammoth series of papers by Shinichi Mochizuki, a mathematician at Kyoto University who is renowned for his brilliance. Posted online in 2012, Mochizuki’s papers supposedly prove the abc conjecture, one of the most far-reaching problems in number theory.

## Linear Spaces and Grassmannians

The fourth video in the Non-linear algebra series is now online!
In this lecture, Mateusz Michałek discusses two fundamental examples of algebraic varieties: linear spaces and Grassmannians.
Enjoy!

Some English daily newspapers publish in Iran, among them Tehran Times and Financial Tribune are the best sellers. The only one that is available in my area of life is Tehran Times. In addition to all the websites that I review every day, I also try to buy a paper version of Tehran Times.

 Photo by rawpixel on Unsplash

## Celebrate the mathematics of Emmy Noether

From nature.com |

An algebra pioneer who faced discrimination deserves wider recognition on the centenary of her namesake theorem.

Emmy Noether was a force in mathematics — and knew it. She was fully confident in her capabilities and ideas. Yet a century on, those ideas, and their contribution to science, often go unnoticed. Most physicists are aware of her fundamental theorem, which puts symmetry at the heart of physical law. But how many know anything of her and her life?

A conference in London this week, the Noether Celebration, hopes to change that. It’s a welcome move. In a world where young scientists look for inspirational female role models, it is hard to think of a more deserving candidate.

Noether was born in 1882 in Erlangen, Germany. Her parents wanted all their children to get doctorates, so although many universities at the time did not formally accept women, she went. After graduation, sexist regulations prevented Noether from getting jobs in academia. Undaunted, for many years she lectured in Erlangen and, from 1915, at the University of Göttingen — often for free.

At the time, that city was the centre of the mathematical world, largely due to the presence of two of its titans — Felix Klein and David Hilbert. But even when Noether was being paid to teach at Göttingen and making her most important contributions, fate and further discrimination intervened: Hitler took power in 1933 and she was fired for being Jewish. She escaped to the United States and taught at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania, until she died in 1935, at the age of just 53.

Noether devoted her career to algebra and came to see it in a striking new light. “All of us like to rely on figures and formulas,” wrote Bartel van der Waerden, her former student, in his obituary of Noether. “She was concerned with concepts only, not with visualization or calculation.”

Noether saw maths as what are now called structures. To her, the characteristics of a structure’s components — be they numbers, polynomials or something else — mattered less than the networks of relations among an entire set of objects. This enabled her to give proofs that applied to more general structures than the original ones, and which revealed unseen connections.

It was a new and elegant approach that changed the face of algebra. And Noether realized that it could influence other parts of maths. One was topology, a field in which “she published half a sentence and has an everlasting effect”, one mathematician wrote. Before Noether, topologists had been counting holes in doughnuts; she brought to bear the full power of her structures to create something called algebraic topology.

The results that Noether published 100 years ago were, for her, a rare foray into physics, in which she was not particularly interested. Albert Einstein had just developed his general theory of relativity, and was struggling to understand how energy fitted into his equations. Hilbert and Klein were working on it, too, and asked Noether for help.

That she did help is an understatement. Noether’s expertise in symmetry led her to discover that the symmetries of a physical system are inextricably linked to physical quantities that are conserved, such as energy. These ideas became known as Noether’s theorem (E. Noether Nachr. d. Ges. d. Wiss. zu Göttingen, Math.-phys. Kl. 1918, 235–257; 1918).

As well as answering a conundrum in general relativity, this theorem became a guiding principle for the discovery of new physical laws. For example, researchers soon realized that the conservation of net electric charge — which can neither be created nor destroyed — is intimately related to the rotational symmetry of a plane around a point. The impact was profound: those who created the standard model of particle physics, and the researchers who attempt to extend it, think in terms of Noether’s symmetries.

Some biographies inaccurately portray Noether as a somewhat helpless genius at the mercy of men’s charitable actions. In reality, she was an assertive personality, recognized leader and the first female plenary speaker at the renowned International Congress of Mathematicians.

The status of women in mathematics and science has improved since Noether’s time, but bias and discrimination remain. Too few leading female mathematicians receive the recognition they deserve. (Only one woman, Maryam Mirzakhani, has received the Fields Medal, and none has won the Abel Prize — the field’s top awards.) Noether is an inspiration: including to UK mathematician Elizabeth Mansfield, who co-organized the London meeting and works on modern extensions of Noether’s work.

We don’t know how many potential Emmy Noethers have been unfairly denied the chance to show their talents. More people should know — and should celebrate — one who changed the scientific world against the odds.

## Literacy gap between women and men decreasing in Iran

Among all dreadful news we receive every day, which make us feel pain in our hearts, sometimes there are good news that turn the light of hope in my heart. Among them are the good news correspondent to the situation of women of Middle East. The Area is by itself a dilemma and only few people of habitant of the Area really know what is happening here. Women’s situation has deeply changed, although there are so many unseen and ignored rights. I just read this news from Tehran Times and I felt happy. You cannot modernize a society without literate women. You cannot reform the culture and restructure the economy with illiterate women in which are nearly more than the half population of the society:

TEHRAN – Literacy gap between women and men is decreasing in Iran, reaching to 12 percent compared to 40 percent three decades ago.

According to the latest statistics released by the Statistical Center of Iran, in the Iranian calendar year 1395 (March 2016-March 2017), the number of illiterate women was 5,569,035 while the number of illiterate men was 3,226,518.

However, the number of literate women in the same year was 29,753,843 and the number of literate man stood at 32,912,917.

Although the number of literate people, both men and women are equal at Iranian cities, there is a great gap of illiteracy between men and women in rural areas, head of the Literacy Movement Organization Ali Baqerzadeh has said.

Currently there exists about 1,800,000 illiterate women in Iran, he noted, adding that two thirds of illiterate people are women in the world.

A large number of illiterate children below the age of seventeen are depriving from a literate mother, i.e. there exists a direct and meaningful relation between parent’s literacy and children’s lack of education, Baqerzadeh explained.

The diagram of under-three-year-old children’s mortality rate proves that children’s mortality rate has a direct relationship with the education level of mothers, he added.

I just don’t understand the two last paragraphs of the statement: “there exists a direct and meaningful relation between parent’s literacy and children’s lack of education, Baqerzadeh explained. The diagram of under-three-year-old children’s mortality rate proves that children’s mortality rate has a direct relationship with the education level of mothers, he added.”

Why? do you have any idea?

Reference: Tehran Times | September 10, 2018 |

## 5 Tips for Improving Students’ Success in Math

From edutopia.com

Teachers who coach teams in a mathematical modeling challenge share ideas for helping students develop more confidence.

|By Rachel Levy | July 6, 2018 |

What does it take to improve student success and interest in math? The Philadelphia-based Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) asked more than 400 U.S. high school math teachers for their advice related to teaching and learning mathematics.

“The good news is that students can have success in math class with the right effort, attitude, and behavior, regardless of a natural affinity or being ‘good at math,’” said Michelle Montgomery, project director of the MathWorks Math Modeling (M3) Challenge at SIAM. “Using quantitative skills to solve real, open-ended problems by employing the mathematical modeling process is a great way to get started.”

The teachers surveyed were all coaches of student teams that participated in the M3 Challenge, a national, internet-based contest with no registration or participation fees. Thousands of high school juniors and seniors spend a weekend in March coming up with a solution to a real-world problem using mathematical modeling. To add a bit of pressure, when the students download the problem, they have only 14 hours to work on it. The 2018 event was the 13th annual contest.

### WHAT THE TEACHERS RECOMMEND

1. Build confidence. More than two-thirds of respondents (68 percent) cited lack of confidence as a problem that prevents their students from succeeding in mathematics.

2. Encourage questioning and make space for curiosity. Sixty-six percent of respondents said their best piece of advice for students looking to do well in math was to not only pay attention in class but also ask for clarification when they need to better understand something.

3. Emphasize conceptual understanding over procedure. Three out of four respondents (75 percent) emphasized that working hard to understand math concepts and when to apply them versus simply memorizing formulas is essential to doing well.

4. Provide authentic problems that increase students’ drive to engage with math. Sixty-three percent of participants pointed to students’ desire, initiative, and motivation to succeed in math as being critical, and the majority of them (80 percent) said that applying math to real-world problems helps increase both student interest and understanding.

5. Share positive attitudes about math. Teachers suggest that parents avoid talking negatively about math, and especially avoid saying that it is hard or useless (74 percent)—instead they should encourage their kids not to give up, and help them find math mentors when they’re not able to answer questions (71 percent).

It’s no coincidence that these teaching practices are a regular part of facilitating math modeling. Through modeling, students tackle relevant, authentic, real-world problems. According to Lauren Tabolinsky, academic program manager at MathWorks, making math relevant for students and careers is the reason MathWorks sponsors the M3 Challenge.

SIAM’s Montgomery adds that “inherent in modeling work are things like motivation, identification of variables that affect the issue (no spoon feeding of data or approaches), gut checking of answers, and justifying solutions offered. The result? Interest and enthusiasm for working a problem, and the understanding that being able to use skills in your math toolbox can provide insight into relevant issues facing communities and the world today.”

For example, the 2018 M3 Challenge problem was called “Better ate than never: Reducing wasted food.” Students addressed an issue identified by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations: Approximately one-third of all food produced in the world for human consumption every year goes uneaten.

In the first part of the problem, student teams used mathematics to predict whether the food waste in a given state could feed all of the food-insecure people living there. In the second part, teams created a mathematical model that could be used to determine the amount of food waste a household generates in a year based on their traits and habits. They were given four different types of households to consider.

Finally the teams were challenged to make suggestions about how wasted food might be repurposed. They used mathematical modeling to provide insight into which strategies should be adopted to repurpose the maximal amount of food at the minimum cost, and they accounted for the costs and benefits associated with their strategies.

Because such problems are realistic, big, and messy, student teams have plenty of opportunity to make genuine choices about how they want to go about solving them, which mathematical tools they will apply to develop and test their models, and how they will communicate their solution. There’s plenty of work to go around, so all team members can contribute.

If you relate this M3 Challenge modeling problem to the advice from the teacher coaches above, you can see why participation in math modeling competitions as a team sport can help students develop more mathematical confidence, competence, and interest.

Photo from edutopia.com

## The world’s 50 most powerful blogs

FROM THE GUARDIAN |9 March 2008|
From Prince Harry in Afghanistan to Tom Cruise ranting about Scientology and footage from the Burmese uprising, blogging has never been bigger. It can help elect presidents and take down attorney generals while simultaneously celebrating the minutiae of our everyday obsessions. Here are the 50 best reasons to log on
Read Bobbie Johnson’s blog on celebrity snooper Nick Denton here
The following apology was published in the Observer’s For the record column, Sunday March 16 2008
The article below said ‘Psychodwarf’ was Beppe Grillo’s nickname for ‘Mario Mastella, leader of the Popular-UDEUR centre-right party’, but it’s actually his nickname for Silvio Berlusconi. Mastella’s first name is Clemente and Popular-UDEUR was part of Romano Prodi’s centre-left coalition. And Peter Rojas, not Ryan Block, founded Engadget and co-founded Gizmodo. Apologies.
1. The Huffington Post
The history of political blogging might usefully be divided into the periods pre- and post-Huffington. Before the millionaire socialite Arianna Huffington decided to get in on the act, bloggers operated in a spirit of underdog solidarity. They hated the mainstream media – and the feeling was mutual.
Bloggers saw themselves as gadflies, pricking the arrogance of established elites from their home computers, in their pyjamas, late into the night. So when, in 2005, Huffington decided to mobilise her fortune and media connections to create, from scratch, a flagship liberal blog she was roundly derided. Who, spluttered the original bloggerati, did she think she was?
To borrow the gold-rush simile beloved of web pioneers, Huffington’s success made the first generation of bloggers look like two-bit prospectors panning for nuggets in shallow creeks before the big mining operations moved in. In the era pre-Huffington, big media companies ignored the web, or feared it; post-Huffington they started to treat it as just another marketplace, open to exploitation. Three years on, Rupert Murdoch owns MySpace, while newbie amateur bloggers have to gather traffic crumbs from under the table of the big-time publishers.But the pyjama purists were confounded. Arianna’s money talked just as loudly online as off, and the Huffington Post quickly became one of the most influential and popular journals on the web. It recruited professional columnists and celebrity bloggers. It hoovered up traffic. Its launch was a landmark moment in the evolution of the web because it showed that many of the old rules still applied to the new medium: a bit of marketing savvy and deep pockets could go just as far as geek credibility, and get there faster.
Least likely to post ‘I’m so over this story – check out the New York Times’
2. Boing Boing
Lego reconstructions of pop videos and cakes baked in the shape of iPods are not generally considered relevant to serious political debate. But even the most earnest bloggers will often take time out of their busy schedule to pass on some titbit of mildly entertaining geek ephemera. No one has done more to promote pointless, yet strangely cool, time-wasting stuff on the net than the editors of Boing Boing (subtitle: A Directory of Wonderful Things). It launched in January 2000 and has had an immeasurable influence on the style and idiom of blogging. But hidden among the pictures of steam-powered CD players and Darth Vader tea towels there is a steely, ultra-liberal political agenda: championing the web as a global medium free of state and corporate control.
Boing Boing chronicles cases where despotic regimes have silenced or imprisoned bloggers. It helped channel blogger scorn on to Yahoo and Google when they kowtowed to China’s censors in order to win investment opportunities. It was instrumental in exposing the creeping erosion of civil liberties in the US under post-9/11 ‘Homeland Security’ legislation. And it routinely ridicules attempts by the music and film industries to persecute small-time file sharers and bedroom pirates instead of getting their own web strategies in order. It does it all with gentle, irreverent charm, polluted only occasionally with gratuitous smut.
Their dominance of the terrain where technology meets politics makes the Boing Boing crew geek aristocracy.
Least likely to post ‘Has anyone got a stamp?’
3. Techcrunch
Techcrunch began in 2005 as a blog about dotcom start-ups in Silicon Valley, but has quickly become one of the most influential news websites across the entire technology industry. Founder Michael Arrington had lived through the internet goldrush as a lawyer and entrepreneur before deciding that writing about new companies was more of an opportunity than starting them himself. His site is now ranked the third-most popular blog in the world by search engine Technorati, spawning a mini-empire of websites and conferences as a result. Business Week named Arrington one of the 25 most influential people on the web, and Techcrunch has even scored interviews with Barack Obama and John McCain.
With a horde of hungry geeks and big money investors online, Techcrunch is the largest of a wave of technology-focused blog publishers to tap into the market – GigaOm, PaidContent and Mashable among them – but often proves more contentious than its rivals, thanks to Arrington’s aggressive relationships with traditional media and his conflicts of interest as an investor himself.
Least likely to post ‘YouTube? It’ll never catch on’
4. Kottke
One of the early wave of blogging pioneers, web designer Jason Kottke started keeping track of interesting things on the internet as far back as 1998. The site took off, boosted partly through close links to popular blog-building website Blogger (he later married one of the founders). And as the phenomenon grew quickly, Kottke became a well-known filter for surfers on the lookout for interesting reading.
Kottke remains one of the purest old-skool bloggers on the block – it’s a selection of links to websites and articles rather than a repository for detailed personal opinion – and although it remains fairly esoteric, his favourite topics include film, science, graphic design and sport. He often picks up trends and happenings before friends start forwarding them to your inbox. Kottke’s decision to consciously avoid politics could be part of his appeal (he declares himself ‘not a fan’), particularly since the blog’s voice is literate, sober and inquiring, unlike much of the red-faced ranting found elsewhere online.
A couple of key moments boosted Kottke’s fame: first, being threatened with legal action by Sony for breaking news about a TV show, but most notably quitting his web-design job and going solo three years ago. A host of ‘micropatrons’ and readers donated cash to cover his salary, but these days he gets enough advertising to pay the bills. He continues to plug away at the site as it enters its 10th year.
Least likely to post ‘Look at this well wicked vid of a dog on a skateboard’
5. Dooce
One of the best-known personal bloggers (those who provide more of a diary than a soapbox or reporting service), Heather Armstrong has been writing online since 2001. Though there were personal websites that came before hers, certain elements conspired to make Dooce one of the biggest public diaries since Samuel Pepys’s (whose diary is itself available, transcribed in blog form, at Pepysdiary.com). Primarily, Armstrong became one of the first high-profile cases of somebody being fired for writing about her job. After describing events that her employer – a dotcom start-up – thought reflected badly on them, Armstrong was sacked. The incident caused such fierce debate that Dooce found itself turned into a verb that is used in popular parlance (often without users realising its evolution): ‘dooced – to be fired from one’s job as a direct result of one’s personal website’.
Behind Dooce stands an army of personal bloggers perhaps not directly influenced by, or even aware of, her work – she represents the hundreds of thousands who decide to share part of their life with strangers.
Armstrong’s honesty has added to her popularity, and she has written about work, family life, postnatal depression, motherhood, puppies and her Mormon upbringing with the same candid and engaging voice. Readers feel that they have been brought into her life, and reward her with their loyalty. Since 2005 the advertising revenue on her blog alone has been enough to support her family.
Least likely to post ‘I like babies but I couldn’t eat a whole one’
6. Perezhilton
Once dubbed ‘Hollywood’s most hated website’, Perezhilton (authored by Mario Lavandeira since 2005) is the gossip site celebrities fear most. Mario, 29, is famous for scrawling rude things (typically doodles about drug use) over pap photos and outing closeted stars. On the day of Lindsay Lohan’s arrest for drink-driving, he posted 60 updates, and 8m readers logged on.
He’s a shameless publicity whore, too. His reality show premiered on VH1 last year, and his blogsite is peppered with snaps of him cuddling Paris Hilton at premieres. Fergie from Black Eyed Peas alluded to him in a song, and Avril Lavigne phoned, asking him to stop writing about her after he repeatedly blogged about her lack of talent and her ‘freakishly long arm’.
Least likely to post ‘Log on tomorrow for Kofi Annan’s live webchat’
7. Talking points memo
At some point during the disputed US election of 2000 – when Al Gore was famously defeated by a few hanging chads – Joshua Micah Marshall lost patience. Despite working as a magazine editor, Marshall chose to vent on the web. Eight years later Talking Points Memo and its three siblings draw in more than 400,000 viewers a day from their base in New York.
Marshall has forged a reputation, and now makes enough money to run a small team of reporters who have made an impact by sniffing out political scandal and conspiracy. ‘I think in many cases the reporting we do is more honest, more straight than a lot of things you see even on the front pages of great papers like the New York Times and the Washington Post,’ he said in an interview last year. ‘But I think both kinds of journalism should exist, should co-exist.’
Although his unabashed partisan approach is admonished by many old-fashioned American reporters, Marshall’s skills at pulling together the threads of a story have paid dividends. Last year he helped set the agenda after George Bush covertly fired a string of US attorneys deemed disloyal to the White House. While respected mainstream media figures accused Marshall of seeing conspiracy, he kept digging: the result was the resignation of attorney general Alberto Gonzales, and a prestigious George Polk journalism award for Marshall, the first ever for a blogger.
Least likely to post ‘Barack is so, like, gnarly to the max’
8. Icanhascheezburger
Amused by a photo of a smiling cat, idiosyncratically captioned with the query ‘I Can Has A Cheezburger?’, which he found on the internet while between jobs in early 2007, Eric Nakagawa of Hawaii emailed a copy of it to a friend (known now only as Tofuburger). Then, on a whim, they began a website, first comprising only that one captioned photo but which has since grown into one of the most popular blogs in the world.
Millions of visitors visit Icanhascheezburger.com to see, create, submit and vote on Lolcats (captioned photos of characterful cats in different settings). The ‘language’ used in the captions, which this blog has helped to spread globally, is known as Lolspeak, aka Kitty Pidgin. In Lolspeak, human becomes ‘hooman’, Sunday ‘bunday’, exactly ‘xackly’ and asthma ‘azma’. There is now an effort to develop a LOLCode computer-programming language and another to translate the Bible into Lolspeak.
Least likely to post ‘Actually, dogs are much more interesting…”
9. Beppe Grillo
Among the most visited blogs in the world is that of Beppe Grillo, a popular Italian comedian and political commentator, long persona non grata on state TV, who is infuriated daily – especially by corruption and financial scandal in his country.
A typical blog by Grillo calls, satirically or otherwise, for the people of Naples and Campania to declare independence, requests that Germany declare war on Italy to help its people (‘We will throw violets and mimosa to your Franz and Gunther as they march through’) or reports on Grillo’s ongoing campaign to introduce a Bill of Popular Initiative to remove from office all members of the Italian parliament who’ve ever had a criminal conviction. Grillo’s name for Mario Mastella, leader of the Popular-UDEUR centre-right party, is Psychodwarf. ‘In another country, he would have been the dishwasher in a pizzeria,’ says Grillo. Through his blog, he rallied many marchers in 280 Italian towns and cities for his ‘Fuck You’ Day last September.
Least likely to post ‘Sign up to our campaign to grant Silvo Berlusconi immunity’
10. Gawker
A New York blog of ‘snarky’ gossip and commentary about the media industry, Gawker was founded in 2002 by journalist Nick Denton, who had previously helped set up a networking site called First Tuesday for web and media entrepreneurs. Gawker’s earliest fascination was gossip about Vogue editor Anna Wintour, garnered from underlings at Conde Nast. This set the tone for amassing a readership of movers and shakers on the Upper East Side, as well as ‘the angry creative underclass’ wishing either to be, or not be, like them, or both (‘the charmingly incompetent X… the wildly successful blowhard’). Within a year Gawker’s readers were making 500,000 page views per month. Nowadays the figure is 11m, recovering from a recent dip to 8m thanks to the showing of a Tom Cruise ‘Indoctrination Video’ which Scientologists had legally persuaded YouTube to take down. Gawker remains the flagship of Gawker Media, which now comprises 14 blogs, although gossiping by ex-Gawker insiders, a fixation on clicks (which its bloggers are now paid on the basis of) and fresh anxiety over defining itself have led some to claim Gawker has become more ‘tabloidy’ and celeb- and It-girl-orientated, and less New York-centric. But its core value – ‘media criticism’ – appears to be intact.
Least likely to post ‘We can only wish Rupert Murdoch well with his new venture’
11. The Drudge Report
The Report started life as an email gossip sheet, and then became a trashy webzine with negligible traffic. But thanks to the decision in 1998 to run a scurrilous rumour – untouched by mainstream media – about Bill Clinton and a White House intern named Monica Lewinsky, it became a national phenomenon. Recent scoops include Barack Obama dressed in tribal garb and the fact Prince Harry was serving in Afghanistan. Drudge is scorned by journalists and serious bloggers for his tabloid sensibilities, but his place in the media history books is guaranteed. And much though they hate him, the hacks all still check his front page – just in case he gets another president-nobbling scoop.
Least likely to post ‘Oops, one sec – just got to check the facts…’
12. Xu Jinglei
Jinglei is a popular actress (and director of Letter From An Unknown Woman) in China, who in 2005 began a blog (‘I got the joy of expressing myself’) which within a few months had garnered 11.5m visits and spurred thousands of other Chinese to blog. In 2006 statisticians at Technorati, having previously not factored China into their calculations, realised Jinglei’s blog was the most popular in the world. In it she reports on her day-to-day moods, reflections, travels, social life and cats (‘Finally the first kitten’s been born!!! Just waiting for the second, in the middle of the third one now!!!!!!!! It’s midnight, she gave birth to another one!!!!!!’). She blogs in an uncontroversial but quite reflective manner, aiming to show a ‘real person’ behind the celebrity. Each posting, usually ending with ‘I have to be up early’ or a promise to report tomorrow on a DVD she is watching, is followed by many hundreds of comments from readers – affirming their love, offering advice, insisting she take care. Last year her blog passed the 1bn clicks mark.
Least likely to post ‘Forget the kittens – get a Kalashnikov!!!!!!!’
13. Treehugger
Treehugger is a green consumer blog with a mission to bring a sustainable lifestyle to the masses. Its ethos, that a green lifestyle does not have to mean sacrifice, and its positive, upbeat feel have attracted over 1.8m unique users a month. Consistently ranked among the top 20 blogs on Technorati, Treehugger has 10 staff but also boasts 40 writers from a wide variety of backgrounds in more than 10 countries around the world, who generate more than 30 new posts a day across eight categories, ranging from fashion and beauty, travel and nature, to science and technology. Treehugger began as an MBA class project four years ago and says it now generates enough revenue from sponsorship and advertising to pay all its staffers and writers. It has developed a highly engaged community and has added popular services like TreeHugger.tv, and a user-generated blog, Hugg. It was bought by the Discovery Channel last year for a rumoured \$10m.
Least likely to post ‘Why Plastic Bags rock’
14. Microsiervos
Microsiervos, which began in 2001, took its name from Douglas Coupland’s novel Microserfs, a diary entry-style novel about internet pioneers. It is run by Alvy, Nacho and Wicho, three friends in Madrid, who blog in Spanish. The second most popular blog in Europe and the 13th most popular in the world (according to eBizMBA), Microsiervos concerns itself with science, curiosities, strange reality, chance, games, puzzles, quotations, conspiracies, computers, hacking, graffiti and design. It is informal, friendly and humorous, moving from news of an eccentric new letter font to reflections on the discovery of the Milky Way having double the thickness it was previously thought to have.
Least likely to post ‘The internet is, like, so over’
15. TMZ
You want relentless celebrity gossip on tap? TMZ will provide it, and when we say relentless, we mean relentless. The US site is dripping with ‘breaking news’ stories, pictures and videos, and deems celeb activity as mundane as stars walking to their cars worthy of a video post. TMZ was launched in 2005 by AOL and reportedly employs around 20 writers to keep the celeb juice flowing. It pulls in 1.6m readers a month and is endlessly cited as the source for red-top celeb stories. It was the first to break Alec Baldwin’s now infamous ‘rude little pig’ voicemail last April, for instance. TMZ prides itself on being close to the action, so close, in fact, a TMZ photographer had his foot run over by Britney Spears mid-meltdown. They auctioned the tyre-tracked sock on eBay in aid of US charity the Children’s Defense Fund last autumn.
Least likely to post ‘Paris is a metaphor for Third World debt’
Engadget provides breaking news, rumours and commentary on, for instance, a camera able to track a head automatically, the very latest HD screen or ‘visual pollution’ concerns prompted by hand-held pico laser-projectors. The world’s most popular blog on gadgets and consumer electronics, Engadget was founded by Peter Rojas in 2004 and won the Web Blogs Awards that year and each year since. Now part of Weblogs Inc (owned by AOL), it is offered on many other sites (including GoogleMail) as a default RSS feed, and is published in English, Spanish, Japanese and Chinese. Last year, a mistake confirmed Engadget’s power – upon reporting a supposed email (which turned out to be a hoax) from Apple, informing Apple employees of a delay in the launch of iPhone, Apple’s share price fell by 3 per cent within minutes. Rojas also co-founded rival gadget blog Gizmodo.
Least likely to post ‘An iWhat?’
17. Marbury
No matter what happens between now and 4 November, you can be certain the US presidential election of 2008 will be among the most historically important and dramatic of any fought. Having an informed opinion will be a must, but if you are as yet unable to tell your Iowa Caucus from your Feiler Faster Thesis, Marbury – a British blog on American politics – is the place to start. The site’s creator, Ian Leslie, is an ex-expat who fell for American politics during a four-year stint living in New York. The site signposts important events and interesting analyses, gives context and witty commentary on everything from the most serious speeches to the silliest election-themed YouTube clips. And West Wing fans will be pleased to note that the blog’s name is a reference to the show’s British ambassador to the United States, Lord John Marbury, who, appropriately enough, provided an eccentrically British but reliably insightful appraisal of American politics.
Least likely to post ‘Is it just me or is Romney getting cuter?’
18. Chez Pim
Attracting around 10,000 people from all over the globe to her site every week, Pim Techamuanvivit has tried and tested an awful lot of food. From Michelin-starred restaurants to street food and diners, she samples it all, and posts her thoughts and pictures to share with other foodie fans. She advises her readers on what cooking equipment to go for, posts recipe suggestions for them to try, and gives them a nudge in the direction of which food shows are worth a watch. She’s not just famous on the net, she’s attracted global coverage in the media with her writing, recipes and interviews appearing in such diverse publications as the New York Times, Le Monde and the Sydney Morning Herald.
Least likely to post ‘Chocolate’s my favourite flavour of Pop Tart’
19. Basic thinking
Recently rated the 18th most influential blog in the world by Wikio, Basic Thinking, which has the tag line ‘Mein Haus, Mein Himmel, Mein Blog’, is run by Robert Basic of Usingen, Germany, who aims ‘to boldly blog what no one has blogged before’, and recently posted his 10,000th entry. Basic Thinking reports on technology and odds and ends, encouraging readers to rummage through an 1851 edition of the New York Times one minute and to contemplate the differences between mooses and elks the next.
Least likely to post ‘Mein heim, mein gott – I need to get a life’
20. The Sartorialist
As ideas go, this one is pretty simple. Man wanders around Manhattan with a camera. Spots someone whose outfit he likes. Asks if he can take a picture. Goes home and posts it on his blog. But the man in question is Scott Schuman, who had 15 years’ experience working at the high-fashion end of the clothing industry before starting The Sartorialist. He’s got a sharp eye for a good look, a gift for grabbing an on-the-hoof pic and an unwavering enthusiasm for people going the extra mile in the name of style. Minimalist it might be, but his site – a basic scroll of full-length street portraits, occasionally annotated with a brief note – is mesmeric and oddly beautiful. The site attracts more than 70,000 readers a day and has been named one of Time’s Top 100 Design Influences. So if you’re out and about and a guy called Scott asks to take your picture, just smile. You’re about to become a style icon.
Least likely to post ‘Sometimes you need to chill in a shellsuit’
21. Students for a free Tibet
Taking the protest online, Students for a Free Tibet (SFT) is a global, grassroots network of students campaigning to free Tibet, which has been occupied by China since 1950. Students in Tibet face arrest for posting on the site, but many escape to blog about their experiences in exile. With a history of direct action, the group is now uniting worldwide members through the web, blogging to spread word of news and protests, and using sites like Facebook to raise funds. The organisation, which was founded in 1994 in New York, spans more than 35 countries and gets up to 100,000 hits a month. In 2006, SFT used a satellite link at Mount Everest base camp to stream live footage on to YouTube of a demonstration against Chinese Olympic athletes practising carrying the torch there. Later this year the web will be a critical tool in organising and reporting protests during the games. ‘SFT plans to stage protests in Beijing during the games and post blogs as events unfold,’ says Iain Thom, the SFT UK national co-ordinator. ‘But for security reasons we can’t reveal details of how or where yet.’ Similarly, a massive protest in London on 10 March will be the subject of intense cyber comment. In response, the site has fallen victim to increasingly sophisticated cyber attacks. Investigations have traced the sources back to China, leading to speculation that the Chinese authorities are trying to sabotage the site to stop online critics.
Least likely to post ‘Hey guyz, any hotties in the Nepal region?!’
22. Jezebel
Last year Gawker Media launched Jezebel – a blog which aimed to become a brilliant version of a women’s magazine. It succeeded quickly, in part by acknowledging the five big lies perpetuated by the women’s media: The Cover Lie (female forgeries of computer-aided artistry); The Celebrity-Profile Lie (flattery, more nakedly consumerist and less imaginative than the movies they’re shilling for); The Must-Have Lie (magazine editors are buried in free shit); The Affirmation Crap Lie (you are insecure about things you didn’t know it was possible to be insecure about); and The Big Meta Lie (we’re devastatingly affected by the celebrity media). Their regular ‘Crap Email From a Dude’ feature is especially fantastic, as is their coverage of current stories (opinionated and consistently hilarious) and politics. It offers the best lady-aimed writing on the web, along with lots of nice pictures of Amy Winehouse getting out of cars.
Least likely to post ‘How To Look Skinny While Pleasing Your Man!’
23. Gigazine
Created by Satoshi Yamasaki and Mazaki Keito of Osaka, Gigazine is the most popular blog in Japan, covering the latest in junk foods and beverages, games, toys and other ingredients of colourful pop product culture. Visitors first witness ‘eye candy’ such as David Beckham condoms (from China), 75 turtles in a fridge, the packaging for Mega Frankfurters or a life-size Ferrari knitted from wool, learn of a second X-Files movie moving into pre-pre-production, watch a vacuum-cleaning robot being tested and compare taste reports of Kentucky Fried Chicken’s new Shrimp Tsuisuta Chilli.
Least likely to post ‘Anyone seen these charming croquet mallets?’
24. Girl with a one-track mind
Following in the footsteps of Belle de Jour – the anonymous blogger claiming to be a sex worker – the girl with a one track mind started writing in open, explicit terms about her lively sex life in 2004. By 2006, the blog was bookified and published by Ebury, and spent much time on bestseller lists, beach towels and hidden behind the newspapers of serious-looking commuters. Though she was keen to retain her anonymity and continue her career in the film industry, author ‘Abby Lee’ was soon outed as north Londoner Zoe Margolis by a Sunday newspaper.
Least likely to post ‘I’ve got a headache’
25. Mashable
Founded by Peter Cashmore in 2005, Mashable is a social-networking news blog, reporting on and reviewing the latest developments, applications and features available in or for MySpace, Facebook, Bebo and countless lesser-known social-networking sites and services, with a special emphasis on functionality. The blog’s name Mashable is derived from Mashup, a term for the fusing of multiple web services. Readers range from top web 2.0 developers to savvy 13-year-olds wishing for the latest plug-ins to pimp up their MySpace pages.
Least likely to post ‘But why don’t you just phone them up?’
26. Greek tragedy
Stephanie Klein’s blog allows her to ‘create an online scrapbook of my life, complete with drawings, photos and my daily musings’ or, rather, tell tawdry tales of dating nightmares, sexual encounters and bodily dysfunctions. Thousands of women tune in for daily accounts of her narcissistic husband and nightmarish mother-in-law and leave equally self-revealing comments transforming the pages into something of a group confessional. The blog has been so successful that Klein has penned a book, Straight Up and Dirty, and has featured in countless magazine and newspaper articles around the globe. Not bad for what Klein describes as ‘angst online’.
27. Holy Moly
If a weekly flick through Heat just isn’t enough, then a daily intake of Holy Moly will certainly top up those celeb gossip levels. The UK blog attracts 750,000 visitors a month and 240,000 celeb-obsessees subscribe to the accompanying weekly mail-out. It’s an established resource for newspaper columnists – both tabloid and broadsheet – and there’s a daily ‘News from the Molehill’ slot in the free London paper The Metro. Last month Holy Moly created headlines in its own right by announcing a rethink on publishing paparazzi shots. The blog will no longer publish pics obtained when ‘pursuing people in cars and on bikes’, as well as ‘celebrities with their kids’, ‘people in distress at being photographed’ and off-duty celebs. But don’t think that means the omnipresent celeb blog that sends shivers round offices up and down the country on ‘mail-out day’ is slowing down – there has been talk of Holy Moly expanding into TV.
Least likely to post ‘What do you think of the new Hanif Kureishi?’
28. Michelle Malkin
Most surveys of web use show a fairly even gender balance online, but political blogging is dominated by men. One exception is Michelle Malkin, a conservative newspaper columnist and author with one of the most widely read conservative blogs in the US. That makes her one of the most influential women online. Her main theme is how liberals betray America by being soft on terrorism, peddling lies about global warming and generally lacking patriotism and moral fibre.
Least likely to post ‘That Obama’s got a lovely smile, hasn’t he?’
29. Cranky flier
There’s nowhere to hide for airlines these days. Not with self-confessed ‘airline dork’ Brett Snyder, aka Cranky Flier, keeping tabs on their progress. He’s moved on from spending his childhood birthdays in airport hotels, face pressed against the window watching the planes come in, and turned his attention to reporting on the state of airlines. His CV is crammed with various US airline jobs, which gives him the insider knowledge to cast his expert eye over everything from the recent 777 emergency landing at Heathrow to spiralling baggage handling costs and the distribution of air miles to ‘virtual assistants’.
Least likely to post ‘There’s nothing wrong with a well-conducted cavity search’
30. Go fug yourself
It’s a neat word, fug – just a simple contraction of ‘ugly’ and its preceding expletive – but from those three letters an entire fugging industry has grown. At Go Fug Yourself, celebrity offenders against style, elegance and the basic concept of making sure you’re covering your reproductive organs with some form of clothing before you leave the house are ‘fugged’ by the site’s writers, Jessica Morgan and Heather Cocks. In their hands, the simple pleasure of yelping ‘Does she even OWN a mirror?’ at a paparazzi shot of some B-list headcase in fuchsia becomes an epic battle against dull Oscar gowns, ill-fitting formalwear and Lindsay Lohan’s leggings. The site stays on the right side of gratuitous nastiness by dishing out generous praise when due (the coveted ‘Well Played’), being genuinely thoughtful on questions of taste and funnier on the subject of random starlets in sequined sweatpants than you could possibly even imagine.
Least likely to post ‘Oprah looked great in those stretch jeans’
31. Gaping void
In the middle of a career as an adman in New York, Hugh MacLeod found himself doodling acerbic and almost surreal cartoons on the back of people’s business cards to pass the time in bars. Everyone seemed to like the idea, so he kept going. Things started going gangbusters when he pimped his cartoons on the internet, and as he built an audience through his blog, he started writing about his other passion – the new world of understanding how to adapt marketing to the new world of the net. Remember when everybody was madly printing off vouchers from the web that saved you 40 per cent? That was one of his: aimed at helping shift more bottles from Stormhoek, the South African vintner he works with.
Least likely to post ‘This product really sells itself’
32. Dirtydirty dancing
If someone stole your camera, took it out for the night to parties you yourself aren’t cool enough to go to and returned it in the morning, you would probably find it loaded up with pictures like those posted on DirtyDirtyDancing. The site seems pretty lo-fi – just entries called things like ‘Robin’s birthday’ and ‘FEB16’ featuring pages of images of hip young things getting their party on. And that’s it. The original delight was in logging on to see if you’d made it on to the site – your chances increase exponentially if you’re beautiful, avant-garde and hang out at clubs and parties in the edgier parts of London – but now the site can get up to 900,000 hits a month from all over the world.
Least likely to post ‘Revellers at the Earl of Strathdore’s hunt ball’
33. Crooked timber
With a title pulled from Immanuel Kant’s famous statement that ‘out of the crooked timber of humanity, no straight thing was ever made’, it’s an amalgam of academic and political writing that has muscled its way into the epicentre of intelligent discussion since its conception in 2003. Formed as an internet supergroup, pulling several popular intellectual blogs together, Crooked Timber now has 16 members – largely academics – across the US, Europe, Australia and Asia. The site has built itself a reputation as something of an intellectual powerhouse; a sort of global philosophical thinktank conducted via blog.
Least likely to post ‘Did anyone see Casualty last night?’
34. Beansprouts
Combining diary, opinion and green lifestyle tips, Beansprouts is a blog that covers one family’s ‘search for the good life’. Melanie Rimmer and her family of five live in a ‘small ex-council house’ with a garden on the edge of farmland in Poynton, Cheshire. They grow food on an allotment nearby, keep chickens and bees and ‘try to be green, whatever that means’. Rimmer set up the blog nearly two years ago when she first got the allotment and says she felt it was something worth writing about. With one post a day, often more, topics for discussion can range from top 10 uses for apples to making scrap quilts.
Least likely to post ‘Make mine a Happy Meal’
35. The offside
Launched by ‘Bob’ after the success of his WorldCupBlog in 2006, Offside is a UK-based blog covering football leagues globally, gathering news and visuals on all of it, inviting countless match reports and promoting discussion on all things soccer, from the attack by a colony of red ants on a player in the Sao Paulo state championship third division, to the particular qualities of every one of Cristiano Ronaldo’s goals so far this season. Considered by many to be the best ‘serious’ blog in the game, it nevertheless promises irreverently, ‘If there is a sex scandal in England, we’ll be stuck in the middle of it. If a player is traded for 1,000lb of beef in Romania, we’ll cook the steak. And if something interesting happens in Major League Soccer, we’ll be just as surprised as you.’
Least likely to post ‘Check out Ronaldo’s bubble butt’
36. Peteite Anglaise
The tagline of a new book hitting British shelves reads ‘In Paris, in love, in trouble’, but if it were telling the whole story, perhaps it should read ‘In public’ too. Bored at work one day in 2004, expat secretary Catherine Sanderson happened upon the concept of blogging. With a few clicks and an impulse she created her own blog, and quickly gathered fans who followed her life in Paris, the strained relationship with her partner and adventures with her toddler. And there was plenty of drama to watch: within a year her relationship had broken up, and she’d met a new man who wooed her online. Readers were mesmerised by her unflinching dedication to telling the whole story, no matter how she would be judged. Soon afterwards, however, Sanderson’s employers found out about the blog and promptly fired her. Defeat turned into victory, however, with the press attention she gathered from the dismissal not only securing victory in an industrial tribunal, but also helping her score a lucrative two-book deal with Penguin.
Least likely to post ‘J’ai assez parle de moi, qu’est-ce que vous pensez?’
37. Crooks and liars
Founded in 2004 by John Amato (a professional saxophonist and flautist), Crooks and Liars is a progressive/liberal-leaning political blog, with over 200m visitors to date, which is illustrated by video and audio clips of politicians and commentators on podiums, radio and TV. Readers post a variety of comments on political talking points of the day, although 9/11 conspiracy theories are often deleted, and there is a daily round-up of notable stories on other political blogs.
Least likely to post ‘So just what is a caucus?’
38. Chocolate and Zucchini
For Clothilde Dusoulier, a young woman working in computing and living in the Paris district of Montmartre, starting a blog was a way of venting her boundless enthusiasm for food without worrying she might be boring her friends with it. Five years later Chocolate and Zucchini, one of the most popular cooking blogs, has moved from being a hobby to a full-time career. The mixture of an insider’s view on gastronomic Paris, conversational, bilingual writing and the sheer irresistibility of her recipes pull in thousands of readers every day. This, in turn, has led to multiple books and the ability to forge a dream career as a food writer.The name of the blog is, she says, a good metaphor for her cooking style: ‘The zucchini illustrates my focus on healthy and natural eating… and the chocolate represents my decidedly marked taste for anything sweet.’
Least likely to post ‘Just add instant mash’
39. Samizdata
Samizdata is one of Britain’s oldest blogs. Written by a bunch of anarcho-libertarians, tax rebels, Eurosceptics and Wildean individualists, it has a special niche in the political blogosphere: like a dive bar, on the rational side of the border between fringe opinion and foam-flecked paranoid ranting. Samizdata serves its opinions up strong and neat, but still recognisable as politics. On the other side of the border, in the wilderness, the real nutters start.
Least likely to post ‘I’d say it’s six of one, half a dozen of the other’
40. The daily dish
Andrew Sullivan is an expat Brit, blogging pioneer and defier-in-chief of American political stereotypes. He is an economic conservative (anti-tax), a social liberal (soft on drugs) and a foreign policy hawk (pro-war). He endorsed George Bush in 2000 and John Kerry in 2004. Barack Obama is his preferred Democrat candidate in 2008. So he is either confused, a hypocrite or a champion of honest non-partisanship – depending on your point of view. He is also gay, a practising Roman Catholic and HIV-positive, a set of credentials he routinely deploys in arguments to confuse atheist liberals and evangelical conservatives.
Least likely to post ‘Sorry, I can’t think of anything to say’
41. The F word
Founded in 2001, the UK’s first feminist webzine is responsible for reviving debates around feminism in Britain. Edited by Jess McCabe, the site, which receives around 3,000 hits a day, is dedicated to providing a forum for contemporary feminist voices, with a daily news blog, features on stereotypes and censorship, podcasts on pornography and regular feminist film reviews.
Least likely to post ‘What’s the difference between a woman and a condom?’
42. Jonny B’s private secret diary
Growing in popularity since its debut in 2003, Jonny B’s diary – which is clearly neither private nor terribly secret – catalogues the rock and bowls lifestyle of one man in the depths of rural Norfolk. With the mocking self-awareness of a modern Diary of a Nobody, the author tells tales of wild nights at the village pub and the fortunes of the local bowls team. As a slow, gentle satire on modern village life, it is often held up as an example of blog as sitcom, and has not only attracted a loyal band of readers, but a dedicated fan club on Facebook desperate to work out the real identity of the wit behind the site. Previous guesses have included Chris Evans and Johnny Vaughan, though both have been strenuously denied.
Least likely to post ‘OMG, I saw Jessica Simpson in Lidl and she signed my bum!’
43. Popjustice
When Smash Hits! died, Popjustice became the new home of pop music. Founded in 2000 by Peter Robinson, it combines fandom with music news and raw critique, all hilarious, and all blindingly correct. Recent features include a review of Eurovision failure Daz Sampson’s new single ‘Do A Little Dance’ (‘The listener is invited to muse on the sad inevitability of their own death’) and a furious debate about the future of Girls Aloud.
Least likely to post ‘I prefer Pierre Boulez’s interpretation of Mahler’s third’
44. Waiter rant
Rant isn’t quite the right word for this collection of carefully crafted stories from the sharp end of the service industry in a busy New York restaurant. ‘The Waiter’, as the author is known, has been blogging his experiences with fussy customers and bad tippers since 2004, winning a gong at blogging’s biggest awards, the Bloggies, in 2007. It’s representative – but by no means the first – of the so-called ‘job-blogs’, with people from all walks of life, from ambulance drivers (randomactsofreality.net) and policemen (coppersblog.blogspot.com) to the greatly loved but now defunct Call Centre Confidential. Between them they chronicle life in their trade, and usually from behind a veil of anonymity. Something about the everyday nature of The Waiter – a person we like to pretend is invisible or treat with servile disdain – deconstructing the event later with a subtle, erudite typestroke, has captured the public imagination and (hopefully) made some people behave better in restaurants than they otherwise might.
Least likely to post ‘The customer is always right’
45. Hecklerspray
The internet’s not exactly short of gossip websites providing scurrilous rumours of who did what to whom, but some stand out from the rest. Sharply written and often laugh-out-loud funny, Hecklerspray has been called the British alternative to Perez Hilton, but it’s different in important ways: the emphasis here is on style and wit, with a stated aim to ‘chronicle the ups and downs of all that is populist and niche within the murky world of entertainment’. Basically, it’s gossip for grown-ups.
Least likely to post ‘If you can’t say anything nice…’
46. WoWinsider
WoWinsider is a blog about the World of Warcraft, which is the most popular online role-playing game in the world, one for which over 10m pay subscriptions each month in order to control an avatar (a character, chosen from 10 races) and have it explore landscapes, perform quests, build skills, fight monsters to the death and interact with others’ avatars. WoWinsider reports on what’s happening within WoW (‘Sun’s Reach Harbor has been captured’). It also reports on outside developments and rumours (‘A future patch will bring a new feature: threat meters’). Supporters of US presidential candidate Ron Paul promoted on WoWInsider their recent virtual mass march through the WoW. And the blog recently reported that America’s Homeland Security are – seriously – looking for a terrorist operating within WoW.
Least likely to post ‘Who fancies a game of space invaders?’
47. Angry black bitch
Angry Black Bitch, which has the tagline, ‘Practising the Fine Art of Bitchitude’, is the four-year-old blog of Shark Fu of St Louis, Missouri. She has never posted a photo of herself and this ‘anonymity’ has led recently to her having to fend off claims she’s really a white man, even a drag queen. But taken as read, Shark Fu is a much-discussed, 35-year-old black woman, tired of the ‘brutal weight’ of her ‘invisibility’.
Least likely to post ‘I’m off to anger-management’
48. Stylebubble
Fashion blogger Susie Lau says Stylebubble is just a diary of what she wears and why. But few diaries are read by 10,000 people a day. Lau, 23, admits to spending up to 60 per cent of her pay from her day job in advertising on clothes, but now she’s viewed as a fashion opinion former, she’s being paid in kind. Her influence is such that fashion editors namecheck her blog, Chanel invites her to product launches and advertisers have come calling.
Least likely to post ‘I even wear my Ugg boots in bed’
49. AfterEllen
Afterellen takes an irreverent look at how the lesbian community is represented in the media. Started by lesbian pop-culture guru Sarah Warn in 2002, the name of the site gives a nod to the groundbreaking moment Ellen DeGeneres came out on her hit TV show, Ellen, in 1997. Since then, lesbian and bisexual women have moved from the margins on to primetime TV, and this blog analyses the good, the bad and the ugly of how they’re portrayed. It’s now the biggest website for LGBT women, with half a million hits a month.
Least likely to post ‘George Clooney – I wouldn’t kick him out of bed’
50. Copyblogger
It’s dry, real, and deafeningly practical, but for an online writing-for-the-internet blog, Copyblogger, founded in 2006, is remarkably interesting. Swelling with advice on online writing, it’s an essential tool for anyone trying to make themselves heard online, whether commenting on a discussion board or putting together a corporate website.
Least likely to post ‘Social networking – it’s just a phase’
· Join the Debate: If you would like to comment about our choice of blogs, go to blogs.theguardian.com/digitalcontent
· This article was amended on Friday March 14 2008. In the article above we wrongly said that Ryan Block founded Engadget and co-founded gadget blog Gizmodo. They were actually founded and co-founded by Peter Rojas. This has been corrected.

## Who Was The World’s First Blogger?

• Sei Shōnagon, b. 966: “Her writings were eventually collected and published in The Pillow Book (public library) in 1002. An archive of pictures and illustrations, records of interesting events in court, and daily personal thoughts, many in list-form, this was arguably the world’s first ‘blog’ by conceptual format and Shōnagon the world’s first blogger.”
• Michel de Montaigne, b. 1533: “It’s been said — by Bakewell, with reservations, and others — that Montaigne was the first blogger. His favorite subject, as he often remarked, was himself (‘I would rather be an expert on me than on Cicero’), and he meant to leave nothing out (‘I am loath even to have thoughts which I cannot publish’).”
• William Shakespeare, b. 1564: “Shakespeare writing the first blog ever created.”
• Samuel Pepys, b. 1633: “When chocolate spread to London, renowned diarist Samuel Pepys (history’s first blogger) drank hot chocolate as his hangover cure after Charles II’s coronation.”
• Sir Richard Steele, b. 1672: “Ben Hammersley in a talk called Etiquette and the Singularity delivered in Copenhagen, stated that the first blogger was Sir Richard Steele back in 1709. Steele who wanted to circulate his views and opinions did so by writing a letter three times a week. This letter — The Tatler — was distributed to its readers by street urchins.”
• Benjamin Franklin, b. 1706: “Self-published, self-guided and self-promoting, Poor Richard’s Almanack was the world’s first blog.”
• Paul Revere, b. 1734: “He excitedly retells Gladwell’s (inaccurate) version of Paul Revere’s ride and turns Revere into the first blogger, since the latter uses ‘blogging software instead of a horse to spread [an] idea virus.’”
• Thomas Paine, b. 1737: “Thomas Paine was in effect the first blogger, and Benjamin Franklin was essentially loading his persona into the MySpace of the 18th century, Poor Richard’s Almanack.”
• Charles Dickens, b. 1812: “Scholars are confidant [sic] that punchy opinion pieces, penned anonymously by Dickens in response to the social ills of the day, reveal him to be the first ‘blogger.’”
• Mark Twain, b. 1835: “Mark Twain expert Robert Hirst had this to say about Mark Twain’s posthumously published memoir, which goes on sale Nov. 15th: ‘Partly a journal, partly a diary, and partly recollection. So yeah, I think of it as a kind of blog, a blog without a web!’”
• Mary MacLane, b. 1881: “Excited that Melville House is republishing Mary Maclane, who invented blogging in 1902.”
• George Orwell, b. 1903: “Held at Wellesley College, an elite American college for women, the conference featured panels that described him as the conscience of his generation, a prophet, a rebel, a misunderstood Christian, an early gay rights advocate, a latter-day Tocqueville, possibly the first blogger, and an obvious misogynist.”
• Diane Vreeland, b. 1903: “Vreeland immediately launched her ‘Why Don’t You…?’ column on the pages of Bazaar. These aphoristic musings — which to me made Vreeland the first blogger — coaxed readers out of their quotidian existence and dared them to dream.”
• I.F. Stone, b. 1907: “His putative claim to the title ‘first blogger’ has become a cyberspace cliché.”
• Marshall McLuhan, b. 1911: “Jacobs points out that McLuhan’s writing style — frustrating to those trying to wring out an argument — may have been ahead of its time, resembling the assertion-based, quote-heavy, quick riffs that characterize much internet-based writing.”
• Hunter Thompson, b. 1937: “Dr. Hunter Thompson (the honorific came from a mail-order divinity school) was our first blogger , a skilled journalist who wrote funny, vivid opinion pieces about his time and place — Nixon’s America — in the magazines of his day: The Nation, Scanlan’s Monthly and, his most frequent stomping ground, Rolling Stone.”
• Harvey Pekar, b. 1939: “’He was the original blogger,’ said Dean Haspiel, a comics artist who collaborated with Mr. Pekar on The Quitter, a hardcover autobiography released in 2005.”
• Michael Musto, b. 1955: “’Do you think if you were a kid now, you would be a blogger?’ I asked. “Yeah,” Musto said. “I mean, it’s like in a way I was the original blogger. But now everyone in the world is a blogger, which means everyone on earth is a gossip columnist. I used to compete with maybe five people, now you’re competing with like five billion people.’”
• Doogie Howser, b. 1989: “Doogie Howser has been jokingly referred to as the world’s first blogger. But the kid doctor’s quasi-poignant, ellipsis-laden insights more closely resemble Twitter updates.”
Elon Green is a contributing editor to Longform.
Referecne of the article: theawl

## Register For The Student Blogging Challenge 2018

It is a very good movement because it will make a connection between students and educators around the world, and it make the students learn how to make a weblog and use it as tool of personal improvement. Thank you so much Kathleen Morris.
Here you are the complete information:

## La Brindille (2011)

“La brindille” is the story of a young girl who has been pregnant and she does not want to have a child at this period of her life. Watching the movie you will see all problems those a young girl will face with them when she has to provide all his life all by herself.

## Maths Education, and Saudi Arabia

Jo Boaler, Michaela Epstein and Michelle Fry on Maths Education, and Saudi Arabia’s bold new education reforms

Episode Notes

In this month’s Talking Teaching, Sophie Murphy interviews Stanford University’s Jo Boaler who argues that the latest neuroscience explains what she has always argued – that anyone can do maths. Kerry Elliott talks to Michaela Epstein and Michelle Fry about how on-line maths learning is engaging students and producing impressive results. And finally, Maxine discusses the radical educational reforms being undertaken through the extraordinary partnership between the Melbourne Graduate School of Education and Saudi Arabia.

## Hungarian university suspends education programmes for refugees and asylum seekers

Two weeks ago the Central European University (CEU) announced it was being forced to suspend its education programmes for refugees and asylum seekers because of new tax legislation that came into effect on August 24. The law implies a 25% levy on “all programmes, actions and activities which directly or indirectly aim to promote immigration” including anything “showing immigration in a positive light.”
At present counting, around 55 refugees and asylum seekers will be affected by this change.

The University also had to suspend, with immediate effect from August 24, the Open Learning Initiative (OLIve), and the administration of its European Union-funded Marie Curie Research Grant on migration policy in Central and Southern Europe.
The opinions of those at the University having to make this move still come through their diplomatically phrased statement: “CEU takes this opportunity to emphasize, once again, that the OLIve programs have provided educational training only for persons legally admitted to Hungary. We are proud of this work and of our research on refugee and migration issues in Europe and will seek all possible ways to continue this work in the future.”
While Hungary may already have joined the US in refusing to sign up to the Global Compact on safe migration, calling it a “threat to the world”, it had already signed up to the New York Declaration, committing to
… provide quality primary and secondary education in safe learning environments for all refugee children, and to do so within a few months of the initial displacement. … Access to quality education, including for host communities, gives fundamental protection to children and youth in displacement contexts, particularly in situations of conflict and crisis.
Similarly, the Global Compact on Refugees, says that:
States and relevant stakeholders will contribute resources and expertise to expand and enhance the quality and inclusiveness of national education systems to facilitate access by refugee and host community children (both boys and girls), adolescents and youth to primary, secondary and tertiary education.
In Hungary, all asylum-seeking families with children and unaccompanied children above age 14 have to stay in one of two transit zones on the border with Serbia while their applications are processed. Children in these transit zones have no access to education except that provided by civil society organizations
A signatory to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, too, it is a shame to see Hungary stray so far from the ambitions to “leave no one behind”.
There is no doubt that migration and displacement have large political connotations, which are often seen as processes, rather than as being about people. At the same time, it is disturbing to see immigration being hounded, when there is evidence is that migration is a source of human progress.
Our forthcoming Report on this issue will lay out the huge opportunities being missed by neglecting migrants and refugees right to an education. It will emphasize that denying them education can build walls between them and native populations, at the worst fostering marginalisation and.  It will lay out multiple examples to show why this move in Hungary is the wrong decision, and taking us away from, rather than towards progress.

## Les Origines de la vie

Comment définir le vivant ? Comment la vie est-elle apparue sur Terre ? Y a-t-il d’autres formes de vie dans l’Univers ? Découvrez où en est la recherche sur toutes ces questions dans ce nouveau dossier multimédia de la collection Sagascience du CNRS : Les origines de la vie

## Sugar Babies : "Un échange jeunesse, corps, sexe et argent", résume un daddy

Quelle est votre idée sur cette article :

Dans une enquête, M6 met en lumière ce phénomène de prostitution étudiante à travers le témoignage d’une jeune fille et celui d’un “Daddy”. La France compterait 40.000 Sugar Babies, dont plus de 7.000 seraient étudiantes. Continue reading “Sugar Babies : "Un échange jeunesse, corps, sexe et argent", résume un daddy”